The birth control shot (sometimes called Depo-Provera, the Depo shot, or DMPA) contains the hormone progestin. Progestin stops you from getting pregnant by preventing ovulation. When there’s no egg in the tube, pregnancy can’t happen. It also works by making cervical mucus thicker. Jun 17, · Depo-Provera is the brand name of the birth control shot. It’s an injectable form of the drug depot medroxyprogesterone acetate, or DMPA for .
Depo-Provera is a contraceptive injection that contains the hormone progestin. Depo-Provera is a well-known brand name for medroxyprogesterone acetate, a contraceptive injection that contains the hormone progestin. Depo-Provera is given as an injection every three months. Depo-Provera typically suppresses ovulation, keeping your ovaries from releasing an egg.
It also thickens cervical mucus to keep sperm from reaching the egg. Medroxyprogesterone acetate is also available in a lower dosage.
This version is called Depo-SubQ Contfol Depo-Provera is used to prevent pregnancy and manage medical conditions related to your menstrual cycle. Your health care xepo might recommend Depo-Provera if:. Depo-Provera isn't appropriate for everyone, however. Your health care provider might discourage use of Depo-Provera if you have:. In addition, tell your health care provider if you have diabetes, uncontrolled high blood pressure or a history of heart disease or stroke, and unexplained vaginal bleeding.
In a year of typical use, an estimated 6 out of people using Depo-Provera what is the depo shot birth control get pregnant. But the risk of pregnancy is much lower if you return every three months for your injection. Depo-SubQ Provera was highly effective in initial studies. However, it's a newer medication, so current research may not reflect pregnancy rates in typical use.
Depo-Provera doesn't protect against sexually transmitted infections. In fact, some studies suggest that hormonal contraceptives such as Depo-Provera might increase your risk of chlamydia and HIV.
It isn't known whether this association is due to the hormone or wnat issues related to the use of reliable contraception. Using condoms will decrease your risk of a sexually transmitted infection. If you're concerned about HIV, talk with your health care provider. It might affect bone mineral density. This loss might be especially concerning in teens who haven't reached their peak bone mass. And it's not clear what is the depo shot birth control this loss is reversible.
Because of this, the U. Food and Drug Administration added strong warnings to the injection packaging cautioning that Depo-Provera and Depo-SubQ Th shouldn't be used for longer than dhat years. The warning also states that using these products might increase the risk of osteoporosis and bone fractures later in life.
If cohtrol have other risk factors for osteoporosis, such as a family history of bone loss and certain eating disorders, it's a good idea to discuss the potential risks and benefits of this form of contraception with your doctor, as well as learn about other contraceptive options. Bkrth side effects of Depo-Provera usually decrease or stop within the first few months. They might include:.
Many experts believe progestin-only contraceptive methods, such as Depo-Provera, carry significantly lower risks of these types of complications than do contraceptive methods that contain both estrogen and progestin. You'll need a prescription for Depo-Provera from your health care provider, who will likely review your medical history and possibly check your blood pressure before prescribing the drug.
Talk to your i care provider about all your medications, including nonprescription and herbal products. If you want to give yourself Depo-Provera injections at home, ask your health care provider if that's an option. Consult your health care provider about a starting date. To ensure you're not pregnant when controk injected with Depo-Provera, your health care provider will likely give you your first injection within seven days of the start of your period.
If you've just given birth, your first injection will be done within five days of giving birth, even if you're what to do in downtown albuquerque. You id start Depo-Provera at other times, but you might need to take a pregnancy test first.
Prepare for your injection. Your health care provider will clean the injection site with an alcohol pad. After the injection, don't congrol the injection site. Depending how to build a car trailer your start date, your health care provider might recommend that you use dwpo backup method of birth control for seven days after your first injection.
Backup birth control isn't necessary after subsequent injections as long as they're given on schedule. Schedule your next injection. Depo-Provera injections should be given every three months. If you wait longer than 13 weeks tge injections, you might need to take a pregnancy test before how to record voice on xp next injection.
Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Don't delay your care at Mayo Clinic Schedule your appointment now for safe in-person care. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version. Overview Wht Open pop-up dialog box Close. Depo-Provera Depo-Provera is a contraceptive injection that contains the hormone progestin. Request an Appointment at Mayo Clinic.
Share on: Facebook Twitter. Show references Hatcher RA, et al. Injectable contraceptives In: Contro, Technology. Ayer Company Publishers; Kaunitz AM. Depot medroxyprogesterone acetate DMPA for contraception: Formulations, patient selection and drug administration.
Accessed Oct. Hatcher RA, et al. Progestin-only contraceptives. In: Managing Contraception For your pocket. Bridging the Gap Foundation; Hapgood JP, et al. Hormonal contraception and HIV-1 acquisition: Deo mechanisms. Endocrine Reviews. Depot medroxyprogesterone acetate for contraception: Efficacy, birtg effects, metabolic impact, and benefits. Long VE, et al.
Injectable contraceptives overview. Wolters Kluwer Health; Lopez LM, et al. Progestin-only contraceptives: Effects on weight. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Lerma K, et al. Injectable contraception: Emerging evidence on subcutaneous self-administration. Kennedy CE, et al. Self-administration of injectable contraception: A systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Global Health.
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Why it's done
The birth control shot (Depo-Provera) is a very effective method of birth control. It works best when you get the shot every 12 weeks. X in a circle. It may take up to 10 months after stopping the birth control shot to get pregnant. It only takes 15 weeks after your last shot for pregnancy protection to wear off. How soon you get pregnant after stopping the depo shot is different for everyone. Chances are the birth control shot (sometimes called Depo-Provera, the Depo shot, or DMPA) will be safe for you — most people who use it have no problems. But you shouldn’t use it .
Medically reviewed by Philip Thornton, DipPharm. Last updated on April 12, Depo-Provera medroxyprogesterone is a form of progesterone , a female hormone that prevents ovulation the release of an egg from an ovary. This medicine also causes changes in your cervical mucus and uterine lining, making it harder for sperm to reach the uterus and harder for a fertilized egg to attach to the uterus.
Depo-Provera and depo-subQ provera injections are used as contraception to prevent pregnancy. You should not use Depo-Provera if you have: undiagnosed vaginal bleeding , liver disease , breast cancer , if you are pregnant, or if you have ever had a stroke or blood clot. Medroxyprogesterone can decrease the calcium stored in your bones, which may cause bone loss osteoporosis when the medicine is used over long periods of time.
Bone loss may not be reversible. You may be more likely to have a broken bone if your bones get weak from calcium loss, especially after menopause. You should not use Depo-Provera for longer than 2 years unless other birth control methods are not right for you. Using a condom is the only way to protect yourself from these diseases. Ask your doctor. Tell your doctor right away if you become pregnant, or if you plan to become pregnant soon after you stop using Depo-Provera.
Depo-Provera is injected into a muscle or under the skin. A healthcare provider will give you this injection once every 3 months 12 to 14 weeks. You may have breakthrough bleeding while using Depo-Provera. Tell your doctor if this bleeding continues or is very heavy.
Depo-Provera can affect the results of certain medical tests. Tell any doctor who treats you that you are using this medicine. Your doctor will need to see you on a regular basis while you are using Depo-Provera. If you use this medicine long-term, your bone density may need to be checked during treatment.
Use: Management of endometriosis-associated pain. Intramuscular injection: mg once every 3 months 13 weeks in the gluteal or deltoid muscle Subcutaneous injection: mg once every 3 months 12 to 14 weeks into the anterior thigh or abdomen First injection: -Ensure the patient is not pregnant at the time of the first injection. Switching from other methods of contraception: -IM injection: The first injection should be given on the day after the last active contraception tablet, or at the latest, on the day following the final inactive contraception tablet.
Similarly, contraceptive coverage will be maintained when switching from mg IM injection, provided the next injection is given within the prescribed dosing period for the IM injection.
Comments: -If the time interval between injections is greater than 13 weeks, pregnancy should be excluded before administering the drug. Use: Prevention of pregnancy in women of child bearing potential.
Postmenarchal children and adolescents: Intramuscular injection: mg once every 3 months 13 weeks in the gluteal or deltoid muscle Subcutaneous injection: mg once every 3 months 12 to 14 weeks into the anterior thigh or abdomen First injection: -Ensure the patient is not pregnant at the time of the first injection.
Depo-Provera will not be effective in preventing pregnancy if you do not receive an injection every 3 months. If you plan to continue using Depo-Provera, get the missed injection as soon as possible. Use a non-hormonal back-up birth control such as a condom or diaphragm with spermicide until you receive the missed injection. If more than 14 weeks have passed since your last injection, you may be able to get pregnant.
The longer you wait between injections, the more likely you are to get pregnant. Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction to Depo-Provera: hives ; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.
Sometimes it is not safe to use certain medications at the same time. Some drugs can lower your blood levels of medroxyprogesterone and make it less effective in preventing pregnancy. John's wort ;. This list is not complete and many other drugs may interact with medroxyprogesterone.
This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins , and herbal products. Not all possible drug interactions are listed here. Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use Depo-Provera only for the indication prescribed. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. Premarin , progesterone , norethindrone , Keytruda , megestrol , levonorgestrel , medroxyprogesterone , Mirena , Yaz , leuprolide.
Detailed Depo-Provera dosage information. Depo-Provera side effects more detail. Depo-Provera drug interactions more detail. Drug Status Availability Prescription only Rx. Drug Class. Related Drugs. Subscribe to our newsletters. FDA Safety Alerts for all medications.
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