Battles of Lexington and Concord
Short answer: It is difficult to view the “battle” at Lexington as a success, but it should be remembered that the Lexington / Concord situation was a single operation of the British and that Lexington was just an opening skirmish that ended in an embarrassing debacle for . Answer to: How did the minutemen respond to the Battle at Lexington? By signing up, youll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework.
Asked by Wiki User. The minute men respond to the battle at lexington by surprising the British at concord which worked in the minute mens favor and drove the British back to Boston. About 1, Captain John Parker, leader of the battle of Lexington and Concord. The minutemen were the colonial men who would fight the British.
The Minutemen were Americans. Paul Revere. Lexington, and then Concord. The Battle of Lexington. I think it was eighteen at least that is all I can find. The battle of Lexington. In Massachusetts, the colonists responded to the Intolerable acts dkd organizing special militia units called "Minutemen". They were waiting for British troops but the British were aware and 8 Minutemen were killed.
Several others wounded. This started the battle monutemen Lexington and Concord. The Battle of Lexington saw British troops fighting against 70 Minutemen of the local militia. The Battle of Lexington marked the first fighting between the American minutemen and the British redcoats. The Colonists won the battle. Americans rebels. They called themselves the Minutemen. British and the Minutemen fought in Lexington. Then in Concord British captured the weapons hidden by the Minutemen. Approximately minutemen and How did the minutemen respond to the battle at lexington soldiers were killed.
Lexington and Concord are considered the first battle of the revolution on April 19, Nobody lexihgton won the battle. The british fought as well as the minutemen did. They were seprate battles not one in the same. It looks better when the other guy starts the fight. Ask Question. Rrespond Revolution. See Answer. Top Answer. Wiki User Answered Related Questions. Where did British troops battle colonial minutemen after the battle at Lexington?
How many minutemen were at the battle of Lexington and concord? Who were the important people at the battle of Lexington and monutemen Who was the leader of the minutemen at Lexington? Did the minutemen help the british at bagtle battle of lexington? How many people fought in the battle of lexington? Who warned the minutemen of the British at the battle of Lexington and Concord?
How to add two photos together on instagram did the first battle between redcoats and minutemen occur? How were the minutemen able to defeat the British at the Battle of Lexington? Why did the American minutemen win the battle of lexington and concord? During what event did the first fighting between lexingtton and minutemen occur? How many minutemen were killed at the battle of lexington?
At what event did the first fighting between British soldiers and minutemen occur? Who was the American leader at the Lexington and Concord battle? What was the battle of Lexington and how to connect my directv genie to the internet How many total soldiers were fighting in the Lexington battle revolutionary war?
During wich event did the first fighting between redcoats and minutemen occur? Who were the British fighting against during the battle of Lexington dif concord? What happened at the battles of lexington and concord? How many died during the battle of lexington and mlnutemen Where did the minutemen Start to fight back? Who won thwe battle of lexington and concord? Who was the leader of the Lexington minutemen? Why were Minutemen told don't fire lexongton fried upon at battle of Lexington?
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The Battle of Lexington - The Lexington Minute Men The Battle of Lexington APRIL 19, Thaddeus Bowman has just ridden rapidly to the door of Buckman Tavern, his shouts bringing Captain Parker outside in response. A few words and hand gestures and Captain Parker summons young William Diamond. Set in an irregularly-shaped, granite stone are six Minute men in various stances depicting the Battle of Lexington. Three are shooting, two on their knees, and one stands. One crouches to avoid being shot while another rushes forward. Another slumps, as if dead. A . Mar 04, · The battle took place on April 19, British soldiers had already easily driven off a small party of minutemen in Lexington that morning, killing 8 colonists and wounding 10 more. The minutemen had gathered in Lexington after Paul Revere’s midnight ride had warned them that “the British are coming.” By 2 a.m., Dr. Samuel Prescott had alerted Concord as well.
Minutemen were civilian colonists who independently formed militia companies self-trained in weaponry, tactics, and military strategies, comprising the American colonial partisan militia during the American Revolutionary War. They were known for being ready at a minute's notice, hence the name. The minutemen were among the first to fight in the American Revolution. Their teams constituted about a quarter of the entire militia.
They were generally younger and more mobile. The term has also been applied to various later United States civilian-based paramilitary forces to recall the success and patriotism of the originals. In the colony of Massachusetts Bay , all able-bodied men between the ages of 16 and 60 were required to participate in their local militia.
Men so selected were designated as minutemen. They were usually drawn from settlers of each town, and so it was very common for them to be fighting alongside relatives and friends.
Some towns in Massachusetts had a long history of designating a portion of their militia as minutemen, with "minute companies" constituting special units within the militia system whose members underwent additional training and held themselves ready to turn out rapidly for emergencies, "at a minute's notice" and hence their name. Other towns, such as Lexington , preferred to keep their entire militia in a single unit. Members of the minutemen, by contrast, were no more than 30 years old, and were chosen for their enthusiasm, political reliability, and strength.
They were the first armed militia to arrive at or await a battle. Officers were elected by popular vote, as in the rest of the militia, and each unit drafted a formal written covenant to be signed upon enlistment.
The militia typically assembled as an entire unit in each town two to four times a year for training during peacetime but, as the inevitability of war became apparent, the militia trained three to four times a week. In this organization, it was common for officers to make decisions through consultation and consensus with their men, as opposed to giving orders to be followed without question. The Massachusetts Provincial Congress found that the colony's militia resources were short just before the American Revolutionary War , on October 26, , after observing the British military buildup.
They found that, "including the sick and absent, it amounted to about 17, men, far short of the number wanted, that the council recommended an immediate application to the New England governments to make up the deficiency,", resolving to organize the militia better: . The Massachusetts Provincial Congress recommended to the militia to form themselves into companies of minute-men, who should be equipped and prepared to march at the shortest notice.
These minute-men were to comprise one-quarter of the whole militia, to be enlisted under the direction of the field-officers, and divide into companies, consisting of at least 50 men each.
The privates were to choose their captains and subalterns, and these officers were to form the companies into battalions, and chose the field-officers to command the same. Hence the minute-men became a body distinct from the rest of the militia, and, by being more devoted to military exercises, they acquired skill in the use of arms. More attention than formerly was likewise bestowed on the training and drilling of militia. The need for efficient minuteman companies was illustrated by the Powder Alarm of Militia companies were called out to engage British troops, who were sent to capture ammunition stores.
By the time the militia was ready, the British regulars had already captured the arms at Cambridge and Charlestown and had returned to Boston. In August , the first offensive military attack by militias failed when Massachusetts dispatched John Endecott with four companies on an unsuccessful campaign against the Pequot Indians. According to one man's account, the expedition succeeded only in killing one Indian and burning some wigwams.
Weeks elapsed between the incidents that caused the march and the arrival of Endecott's men in the area. Once they got there, they did not know which Indians to fight or why. This feeble response served to encourage the Indians, and attacks increased on the settlers in the Connecticut Valley. In the following year, Massachusetts again put a force on the field in collaboration with Plymouth and Connecticut. By the time that Plymouth had gotten their force packed and ready to march, the campaign had ended.
Massachusetts Bay sent militiamen, Plymouth sent 50, and Connecticut sent In May , a joint council was formed. The real power of the confederation was that all four of the colonies promised to contribute soldiers to an alert force that would fight anywhere in the colonies. On September 7, the towns were given more tactical control. A new rule allowed any general to call up his militia at any time.
Command and control were decentralized to the extent that individual company commanders could put their troops into a defensive battle if necessary. A portion of the militia was well trained and well equipped, and set aside as a ready force. In May , the Council of Massachusetts said that an eighth of the militia should be ready to march within one day to anywhere in the colony. Eighty militiamen marched on the Narragansett tribe in Massachusetts, though no fighting took place.
Since the colonies were expanding, the Narragansetts got desperate and began raiding the colonists again. The militia chased the Indians, caught their chief, and got him to sign an agreement to end fighting. In , the Massachusetts Council formed a military committee to control the militia in each town.
In , the military committee raised an expedition to fight the raiding Wampanoag tribe. A muster call was sent out and four days later, after harsh skirmishes with the Wampanoags, three companies arrived to help the locals.
The expedition took heavy losses: two towns were raided, and one man company was killed entirely, including their commander. In response to the success of the Wampanoags, in the Spring of an alarm system of riders and signals was formed in which each town was required to participate.
Queen Anne's War broke out in , and militiamen throughout the Thirteen Colonies began to muster in preparation for the fighting. In , Colonel William Phips led men to push back the French. Two years later he became governor of Massachusetts.
When the French and Indians raided Massachusetts in , Governor Phips created a bounty which paid 10 shillings each for the scalps of Indians. In , snowshoes were issued to militiamen and bounty hunters to make winter raids on the Indians more effective. The minuteman concept was advanced by the snow shoe men. The Minutemen always kept in touch with the political situation in Boston and their own towns. From to , the towns had controlled themselves but in , the King appointed governors.
This instigated a boycott in of British goods. The Minutemen were aware of this as well. With a rising number of Minutemen they faced another problem: a lack of gunpowder to support an army for long enough to fight a prolonged campaign against the British.
The people of an island controlled by the Dutch , Sint Eustatius , were supportive of the American revolutionaries. As a token of support, they traded gunpowder to the Colonials for other goods needed in Europe.
Not only did the Minutemen have political awareness of events in New England, but also of those occurring in Europe, such as Britain's lack of allies. In , General Thomas Gage , the new Governor of Massachusetts , tried to enforce the Intolerable Acts , which were designed to remove power from the towns. Samuel Adams pressed for County Conventions to strengthen the revolutionary resistance. Gage tried to seat his own court in Worcester , but the townspeople blocked the court from sitting.
Two thousand militiamen marched to intimidate the judges and get them to leave. This was the first time that the militia was used by the people to block the king's representatives from acting on royal orders and against popular opinion.
Gage responded by preparing to march to collect munitions from the provincials. For 50 miles around Boston, militiamen were marching in response. By noon the next day, almost 4, people were on the common in Cambridge. The provincials got the judges to resign and leave. Gage backed off from trying to seat a court in Worcester. The colonials in Worcester met and came up with a new militia mobilization plan in their County Convention.
The Convention required that all militia officers resign. Officers were then elected by their regiments. Other counties followed Worcester's lead, electing new militia officers and appointing Minutemen. The British practiced formations with their weapons, focusing on marching formations on the battlefield.
It is a myth that the British and other professional armies of the s did not practice marksmanship with their muskets; the military ammunition of the time was made for fast reloading and more than a dozen consecutive shots without cleaning.
Accuracy of the musket was sacrificed for speed and repetitive loading. The militia prepared with elaborate plans to alarm and respond to movements by the king's forces out of Boston. The frequent mustering of the minute companies also built unit cohesion and familiarity with live firing, which increased the minute companies' effectiveness. The royal authorities inadvertently gave the new Minuteman mobilization plans validation by several "show the flag" demonstrations by General Gage through The royal authorities in Boston had seen these increasing numbers of militia appearing and thought that the militia would not interfere if they sent a sizable force to Concord to seize munitions and stores there which they considered the King's property, since it was paid for to defend the colonies from the American Indian threat.
The British officers were proven wrong. Shooting erupted at Lexington. There is still a debate as to whether it was a colonist or a British soldier who fired the first shot. The militia left the area, and the British moved on. The British then moved to Concord and faced a larger number of militia. The British were rapidly outnumbered at Concord, with the arrival of the slower moving militia; they had not counted on a long fight, and so had not brought additional ammunition beyond the standard issue in the soldiers' cartridge boxes.
This then forced a strategic defeat on Colonel Smith, forcing him back to Boston. A "running fight" began during the retreat. Militiamen knew the local countryside and were familiar with "skulking" or "Indian Warfare. This kept the British under sporadic fire, and caused them to exhaust their limited ammunition. Only the timely arrival of a relief column under Lord Percy prevented the annihilation or surrender of the original road column.
Most Colonial militia units were provided neither arms nor uniforms and were required to equip themselves. Many simply wore their own farmers' or workmen's clothes and, in some cases, they wore cloth hunting frocks. Most used fowling pieces , though rifles were sometimes used where available. Neither fowling pieces nor rifles had bayonets.
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